Constitutional Law 2

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 2 SYLLABUS (by Dean Ralph Sarmiento SY 2011-2012)

CONSTITUTIONAL THEORY & ANALYSIS

The Cycles of Constitutional Theory

Constitutional Theory in a Nutshell

Legitimacy and the Constitution

INHERENT POWERS OF THE STATE

POLICE POWER

Buck v. Bell, 274 U. S. 200

Ermita-Malate Hotel and Motel Operators v. City of Manila, July 31, 1967

Taxicab Operators v. Board of Transportation, 119 SCRA 597

Republic v. Meralco, G.R. No. 141314, Nov. 15, 2002

Ichong v. Hernandez, 101 Phil. 1155

Lim v. Pacquing, 240 SCRA 649

Lutz v. Araneta, 98 Phil. 148

Magtajas v. Pryce Properties, 234 SCRA 255

Miners Association v. Factoran, 240 SCRA 100

Pollution Adjudication Board v. CA, 195 SCRA 112

Tablarin v. Gutierrez, 152 SCRA 730

Tio v. Videogram Regulatory Board, 151 SCRA 208

Ynot v. IAC, 148 SCRA 659

Lozano v. Martinez, 146 SCRA 323

Bunting v. State of Oregon, 243 U. S. 426

MMDA v. Bel-Air Village Assn., March 27, 2000

EMINENT DOMAIN

Assn. of Small Landowners v. Sec. of Agrarian Reform, 175 SCRA 343

Roxas & Co. v. CA, 321 SCRA 106

Belen v. CA, 195 SCRA 59

Manosca v. CA, Jan. 29, 1996

De Knecht v. Bautista, 100 SCRA 660

Republic v. De Knecht, Feb. 12, 1990

EPZA v. Dulay, 148 SCRA 305

Phil. Press Institute v. Comelec, 244 SCRA 272

Republic v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620

Republic v. Salem Investment, G.R. No. 137569, June 23, 2000

Republic v. CA, G.R. No. 146587, July 2, 2002

City Government of Quezon City v. Ericta

City of Manila v. Chinese Community, 40 Phil. 349

Heirs of Ardona v. Reyes, 125 SCRA 220

Iron and Steel Authority v. CA, Oct. 25, 1995

SMI Development Corp. v. Republic, 323 SCRA 862

Estate of Salud Jimenez v. PEZA, 349 SCRA 240

Land Bank v. CA, July 10, 1996

Napocor v. Angas, 208 SCRA 542

Napocor v. Gutierrez, 193 SCRA 1

TELEBAP v. Comelec, April 21, 1998

 

POWER OF TAXATION

McCulloch v. Maryland, 17 US

Sison v. Ancheta, 130 SCRA 654

Lladoc v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, 14 SCRA 292

Philex Mining v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Aug. 28, 1998

Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. CA, 298 SCRA 83

Chavez v. PCGG, Dec. 9, 1998

Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. S.C. Johnson & Sons, 309 SCRA 87

Pascual v. Sec. of Public Works, 110 Phil. 331

 

CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS

Simon v. Commission on Human Rights, Jan. 5, 1994

 

DUE PROCESS

Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, GR 139465, Jan. 18, 2000

Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, Oct. 17, 2000 (Reconsideration)

Govt. of the United States v. Purganan, G.R. No. 148571, Sept. 24, 2002

Joseph Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, Nov. 19, 2001

Buck v. Bell,  274 U. S. 200

Dumlao v Comelec, 96 SCRA 392

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479

Lochner v. New York, 198 U. S. 45

Nebbia v. New York, 291 U. S. 502

Non v. Dames, 185 SCRA 523

Ang Tibay v. CIR, 69 Phil. 635

Palko v. State of Connecticut, 302 U. S. 319

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113

West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U. S. 379

Ynot v. IAC, 148 SCRA 659

People v. Dela Piedra, 350 SCRA 163

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital, 261 U. S. 525

EQUAL PROTECTION

Philippine Judges Assn. v. Prado, 227 SCRA 703

Ichong v Hernandez, 101 Phil. 1155

De Guzman v. Comelec, G.R. No. 129118, July 19, 2000

Ormoc Sugar Central v. Ormoc City, Feb. 17, 1968

People v. Cayat, 68 Phil. 12

People v. Jalosjos, 324 SCRA 689, Feb. 3, 2000

People v. Mijano, July 23, 1999

Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U. S. 537

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U.S. 265

Civil Rights Cases, 109 U. S. 3

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U. S. 483, 349 U. S. 294

Bolling v. Sharpe, 347 U. S. 497

Loving v. Virginia, 888 U.S. 1

Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618

SEARCH AND SEIZURE

David v. Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017), GR 171396, May 3, 2006

Soliven v. Makasiar, 167 SCRA 394

Abdula v. Guiani, 326 SCRA 1

People v. Molina, 352 SCRA 174

Allado v. Diokno, May 5, 1994

Aniag v. Comelec, 237 SCRA 424

Burgos v. Chief of Staff, 133 SCRA 800

Columbia Pictures v. Flores, June 29, 1993

Corro v. Lising, 137 SCRA 541

Go v. CA, 206 SCRA 138

Valmonte v. De Villa, Sept. 29, 1989

Guanzon v. De Villa, 181 SCRA 623

Harris v. United States, 331 U. S. 145

Harvey v. Defensor-Santiago, 162 SCRA 840

Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347

Lim v. Felix, 194 SCRA 292

Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U. S. 643

Abel v. United States, 362 U.S. 217, 4 L.Ed.2d 668

Moncada v. People’s Court, 80 Phil. 1

Nolasco v. Paño, 147 SCRA 509

Olmstead v. United States, 277 U. S. 438

Papa v. Mago, 22 SCRA 857

Pendon v. CA, Nov. 16, 1990

People v. Aminudin, 163 SCRA 402

People v. Barros, 231 SCRA 557

People v. Cuizon, April 18, 1996

People v. Damaso, 212 SCRA 457

People v. De Gracia, 233 SCRA 716

People v. Del Rosario, 234 SCRA 246

People v. Dichoso, June 4, 1993

People v. Evaristo, Dec. 11, 1992

People v. Exala, 221 SCRA 494

People v. Gerente, 219 SCRA 756

People v. Inting, 187 SCRA 788

People v. Marti, 193 SCRA 57

People v. Musa, 217 SCRA 597

People v. Omaweng, 213 SCRA 462

People v. Tangliben, 184 SCRA 220

Prudente v. Dayrit, 180 SCRA 69

Salazar v. Achacoso, Mar. 14, 1990

Sibron v. New York, 392 U.S. 40

Stonehill v. Diokno, June 19, 1967

Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1

Umil v. Ramos, 187 SCRA 311

Weeks v. United States, 232 U.S. 383

Wolf v. Colorado, 338 U. S. 25

PRIVACY OF COMMUNICATION

Gaanan v. IAC, 145 SCRA 112

In re: Wenceslao Laureta, 148 SCRA 382

Ramirez v. CA, Sept. 28, 1995

Zulueta v. CA, Feb. 20, 1996

Salcedo-Ortanez v. CA, Aug. 4, 1994

RIGHT TO PRIVACY

Ople v. Torres, July 23, 1998

Marquez v. Desierto, G.R. No. 135882, June 27, 2001

Griswold v. Connecticut, 381 U.S. 479

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION (SPEECH, PRESS, ASSEMBLY & PETITION)

Abrams v. United States, 250 U. S. 616

Bayan v. Ermita (CPR), G.R. No. 169838, April 20, 2006

ABS-CBN v. Comelec, G.R. No. 133486, Jan. 28, 2000

SWS v. Comelec, G.R. No. 147571, May 5, 2001

Borjal v. CA, 301 SCRA 1, Jan. 14, 1999

In Re: Petition to Annul En Banc Resolution A.M. 98-7-02-SC, Sept. 29, 1998

Resolution Re: Live TV & Radio Coverage of Cory Aquino Libel Case, Oct. 22, 1991

In Re: Request for TV-Radio Coverage of Estrada Trial, June 29, 2001

New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 255

New York Times Co. v. United States, 403 U.S. 713

Near v. State of Minnesota, 283 U. S. 697

Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444

R.A.V. v. St. Paul, 505 U.S. 377

Schenck v. United States, 249 U. S. 47

United States v. O’Brien, 391 U.S. 367

Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District, 393 U.S. 503

Adiong v. Comelec, 207 SCRA 712

Ayer Productions v. Capulong, 160 SCRA 861

Barenblatt v. United States, 360 U.S. 109

Branzburg v. Hayes, 408 U.S. 665

Bridges v. California,  314 U. S. 252

Burgos v. Chief of Staff, 133 SCRA 800

Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U. S. 296

Consolidated Edison Company v. Public Service Commission, 447 U.S. 530

De Jonge v. Oregon, 299 U. S. 353

Dennis v. United States, 341 U. S. 494

Eastern Broadcasting v. Dans, 137 SCRA 647

Edwards v. South Carolina, 372 U.S. 229

Feiner v. New York, 340 U. S. 315

Gitlow v. State of New York, 268 U. S. 652

Gonzales v. Kalaw Katigbak, 137 SCRA 717

In re: Column of Ramon Tulfo, April 17, 1990

In re: Emiliano P. Jurado, Apr. 6, 1995

JBL Reyes v. Bagatsing, 125 SCRA 553

Lagunzad v. Sotto Vda. De Gonzales, 92 SCRA 476

Malabanan v. Ramento, 129 SCRA 359

Martin v. City of Struthers, Ohio, 319 U. S. 141

Mutuc v. Comelec, 36 SCRA

National Press Club v. Comelec, 207 SCRA 1

Pennekamp v. Florida, 328 U. S. 331

People v. Alarcon, 69 Phil. 265

Pita v. CA, 178 SCRA 362

Primicias v. Fugoso, 80 Phil. 71

Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia, 444 U.S. 896

Sanidad v. Comelec, 181 SCRA 529

Thomas v. Collins, 323 U. S. 516

Thornhill v. Alabama, 310 U. S. 88; 84 L. Ed. 1093

Adderley v. Florida, 385 U.S. 39

Tolentino v. Secretary of Finance, October 30, 1995

US v. Bustos, 37 Phil. 731

Villar v. TIP, 135 SCRA 706

Whitney v. California, 274 U. S. 357

Yates v. United States, 354 U.S. 298

Zaldivar v. Sandiganbayan, 170 SCRA 1

OBSCENITY CASES

Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union, 117 S.Ct. 2349, June 26, 1997

Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 5

Roth v. United States, 354 U.S. 476

FREEDOM OF RELIGION

Gerona v. Secretary of Education, 106 Phil. 2

Everson v. Board of Education, 330 U. S. 1

West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U. S. 624

Ebralinag v. Division Superintendent of Schools of Cebu, March 1, 1993

Aglipay v. Ruiz, 64 Phil. 201

Centeno v. Villalon, 236 SCRA 197

Cox v. New Hampshire, 312 U. S. 569

Fonacier v. CA, 96 Phil. 417

Garces v. Estenzo, 104 SCRA 510

German v. Barangan, 135 SCRA 514

Gonzales v. Archbishop of Manila, 51 Phil. 420

Iglesia ni Cristo, Inc. v. CA, July 26, 1996

Marsh v. State of Alabama, 326 U. S. 501

Pamil v. Teleron, 86 SCRA 413

People v. Cayat, 68 Phil. 12

School District of Abington Township, Pa. v. Schempp, 374 U. S. 203

Engle v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421; 8 L. ed. 2d. 601

Victoriano v. Elizalde Rope Workers Union, 59 SCRA 54

Zorach v. Clauson, 343 U. S. 306

Cantwell v. Connecticut, 310 U. S. 296

RIGHT TO TRAVEL

Caunca v. Salazar, 82 Phil.  851

Manotoc v. CA, 142 SCRA 149

Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668

Philippine Association of Service Exporters v. Drilon, 163 SCRA 386

Rubi v. Provincial Board of Mindoro, 39 Phil. 660

Silverio v. CA, April 8, 1991

Villavicencio v. Lukban, 39 Phil. 778

ACCESS TO PUBLIC INFORMATION

Aquino-Sarmiento v. Morato, 203 SCRA 515

Baldoza v. Dimaano, 71 SCRA 14

Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 44

Valmonte v. Belmonte, Feb. 13, 1989

RIGHT TO FORM UNIONS, ASSOCIATIONS OR SOCIETIES

CENECO v. Secretary of Labor, 201 SCRA 584

In re: Edillon, 84 SCRA 554

Occeña v. Comelec, 127 SCRA 404

People v. Ferrer, 48 SCRA 382

SSS Employees Association v. CA, 175 SCRA 686

Victoriano v. Elizalde Rope Workers Union, 59 SCRA 54

CONTRACT CLAUSE

Conference of Maritime Manning Agencies v. POEA, Apr. 21, 1995

Home Building & Loan Association v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398

Lozano v. Martinez, 146 SCRA 323

Ortigas v. Feati Bank, 94 SCRA 533

Presley v. Bel-Air Village Association, 201 SCRA 13

West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U. S. 379

MIRANDA RIGHTS

Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436

People v. Endino, 353 SCRA 307

Gamboa v. Cruz, 162 SCRA 642

People v. Base, 329 SCRA 158

Magtoto v. Manguera, 63 SCRA 4

People v. Mahinay, 302 SCRA 385

People v. Obrero, 332 SCRA 190

People v. Agustin, 240 SCRA 541

People v. Bacamante, Sept. 5, 1995

People v. Ballesteros, 237 SCRA

People v. Bandula, May 27, 1994

People v. Barasina, Jan. 21, 1994

People v. Bolanos, 211 SCRA 262

People v. Daniega, Dec. 29, 1995

People v. De Guzman, 224 SCRA 93

People v. De La Cruz, 224 SCRA 506

People v. De Lara, 236 SCRA 291

People v. Dimaano, 209 SCRA 819

People v. Galit, 135 SCRA 465

People v. Luvendino, 211 SCRA 36

People v. Maqueda, March 22, 1995

Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478

People v. Andan, March 3, 1997

People v. Teehankee, Oct. 6, 1995

People v. Gamer, Feb. 29, 2000

Gutang v. People, July 11, 2000

RIGHT TO BAIL

Comendador v. De Villa, 200 SCRA 80

Dela Camara v. Enage, 41 SCRA 3

Enrile v. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217

Paderanga v. CA, Aug. 28, 1995

People v. Donato, June 5, 1991

Govt. of the United States v. Purganan, Sept. 24, 2002

Tucay v. Domagas, 242 SCRA 110

Maguddatu v. CA, Feb. 23, 2000

RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED

Estrada v. Desierto, March 2, 2001

Abadia v. CA, Sept. 23, 1994

Corpuz v. People, 194 SCRA 73

Cosep v. People, May 21, 1998

Dumlao v. Comelec, 95 SCRA 392

Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335

Guerrero v. CA, June 28, 1996

Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436

People v. Esparas, Aug. 21, 1996

People v. Holgado, 86 Phil. 752

People v. Macaraeg, 141 SCRA 37

People v. Mapalao, 197 SCRA 79

People v. Martos, 211 SCRA 805

People v. Tampal, 244 SCRA 202

People v. Teehankee, Oct. 6, 1995

Mapa v. Sandiganbayan, April 26, 1994

HABEAS CORPUS

Caunca v. Salazar, 82 Phil.  851

Ex Parte Merryman, 17 Fed. Cas. No. 9487

Ex parte Milligan, 71 U.S. 2

In re Yamashita, 327 U. S. 1

In re: Sumulong, Dec. 25, 1995

Magno v. CA, 212 SCRA 229

Ordonez v. Director of Prisons, 235 SCRA 152

SPEEDY DISPOSITION OF CASES

Abadia v. CA, 236 SCRA 676

RIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION

Pascual v. Board of Medical Examiners, May 26, 1969

People v. Tranca, Aug. 17, 1994

Villaflor v. Summers, 41 Phil. 62

RIGHT AGAINST INVOLUNTARY SERVITUDE

Bailey v. Alabama, 219 U. S. 219; 55 L. Ed. 191

US v. Pompeya, 31 Phil. 245

CRUEL AND INHUMAN PUNISHMENT

People v. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90

People v. Echegaray, G.R. 117472, Feb. 7, 1997

Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, GR 132601, Jan. 19, 1999

People v. Esparas, July 10, 1998

NON IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT

Lozano v. Martinez, 146 SCRA 323

People v. Nitafan, 207 SCRA 726

DOUBLE JEOPARDY

People v. Quijada, July 24, 1996

Almario v. CA, 355 SCRA 1

Comelec v. CA, 229 SCRA 501

People v. Pineda, Feb. 11, 1993

People v. Relova, 148 SCRA 292

People v. Vergara, 221 SCRA 560

United States v. Lanza, 260 U. S. 377; 67 L. Ed. 314

Palko v. State of Connecticut, 302 U. S. 319

Cuison v. CA, April 15, 1998

Manantan v. CA, 350 SCRA 387

EX POST FACTO LAWS AND BILL OF ATTAINDER

In re Kay Villegas Kami, Inc., 35 SCRA 429

Bayot v. Sandiganbayan, 128 SCRA 383

Calder v. Bull, 3 Dallas 386

Cummings v. Missouri, 71 U.S. 277

Misolas v. Panga, Jan. 30, 1990

People v. Ferrer, 48 SCRA 382

United States v. Lovett, 328 U. S. 303

Wright v. CA, Aug. 15, 1994

Lacson v. Exec. Secretary, Jan. 20, 1999

ACADEMIC FREEDOM

Alcuaz v. PSBA, May 2, 1988

Ateneo De Manila v. Capulong, May 27, 1993

Isabelo v. Perpetual Help College of Rizal, Nov. 8, 1993

Non v. Dames II, 185 SCRA 523

University of San Agustin v. CA, March 7, 1994

University of San Carlos v. CA, Oct. 18, 1988

UP v. Ayson, Aug. 17, 1989

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